From royal excursions to charitable work: What Queen Elizabeth did for Canada – Nationwide

The dying of Queen Elizabeth II marks an finish to the world’s longest reign by a monarch, relationship again to 1952.

As the top of the Commonwealth, Elizabeth was not simply the queen of the UK however her monarchy additionally prolonged to fifteen different Commonwealth nations, together with Canada. And her relationship with Canada might be remembered as “very shut and optimistic,” historians say.

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“Canada is the nation outdoors the UK that the queen has spent essentially the most time in,” stated Carolyn Harris, historian and writer of Elevating Royalty: 1000 Years of Royal Parenting.

“Even after the queen reduce on her abroad journey, she … continued to take a really robust curiosity in Canada and the Canadian individuals.”

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As tributes and condolences pour in from internationally, we make a journey down reminiscence lane of the monarch’s lengthy relationship with Canada.

Over a span of 70 years, Queen Elizabeth II made 22 official journeys to Canada. She additionally made many personal visits and stopovers.

Harris stated the queen was current for some “very important moments” in Canadian historical past.

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Her first journey to the nation was, actually, as Princess Elizabeth in 1951 together with her husband, Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh, when Louis St. Laurent was prime minister.

Her first official tour as queen was in 1957 when she visited Ottawa and Hull.

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Throughout her visits, Elizabeth attended a number of necessary ceremonial occasions in Canada’s historical past.

These embody the opening of the primary session of the twenty third Parliament in 1957, the opening of the St. Lawrence Seaway in 1959, Canada’s Centennial Anniversary in 1967, the 1976 Summer season Olympic Video games in Montreal, the 1978 Commonwealth Video games in Edmonton and the Proclamation of the Structure Act in 1982.


Queen Elizabeth greets U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890 – 1969) earlier than they participate within the opening ceremony of the St. Lawrence Seaway at Lambert Lock, Montreal, June 26, 1959. On the left is Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.


Photograph by Fox Pictures/Hulton Archive/Getty Photos

The queen additionally participated within the centenary anniversaries of a number of provinces into Confederation.

Her final official journey to Canada was in 2010, when she toured Halifax, Ottawa, Winnipeg and Toronto.

The queen’s many visits to the nation drew giant, enthusiastic crowds.

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Sarika Bose, royal skilled and lecturer of Victorian literature on the College of British Columbia, stated she has gone to see the queen a couple of occasions herself, together with throughout Expo 86 in Vancouver and her walkabout on the UBC campus in 2002.

“The scholars had been actually leaping up and down with pleasure after they noticed her coming.”

In 2010, Elizabeth celebrated Canada Day on Parliament Hill earlier than a crowd of 100,000 individuals.


Queen Elizabeth and entourage go to Expo ’67 in Montreal on July 3, 1967.


Photograph by John McNeill / The Globe and Mail.

Nonetheless, when she visited Quebec in 1964, the queen confronted French-Canadian protesters who objected to the royal tour.

Harris stated the queen’s excursions within the Nineteen Eighties and Nineties had been generally overshadowed by royal visits by youthful members of her household, like Prince Charles and Princess Diana.

Over time, the construction and length of the royal excursions modified from longer to shorter, extra focused ones, specializing in a specific theme or area of the nation, Harris stated.

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“After we reached the reign of Queen Elizabeth II, we see it’s the Canadian authorities having its personal objectives for these royal excursions and wanting the queen to very a lot be entrance and centre as queen of Canada and to showcase Canadian initiatives,” she added.

Some Canadian excursions that had been hooked up to her American excursions had been additionally important when it comes to showcasing relations between Canada and the USA, Harris stated.


Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh depart the Canada Day celebrations on Parliament Hill on July 1, 2010 in Ottawa.


Photograph by Chris Jackson/Getty Photos

All through her reign, Elizabeth noticed 12 Canadian prime ministers rise and fall.

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By means of all of them, she upheld her position and remained “strictly impartial,” because the traditions of constitutional monarchy require.

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The queen met a lot of the prime ministers on multiple event, both at Buckingham Palace, at varied summits or throughout official visits to Canada.

She loved a heat, private rapport with a number of Canadian prime ministers.

In the course of the 1959 Canadian royal tour, then-prime minister John Diefenbaker was one of many first individuals to know that the queen was anticipating her third baby, Harris stated.

“Most likely one of the uncommon conferences have been with the Trudeaus,” Bose stated.

“There’s a well-known image of Pierre Trudeau doing a bit dance behind the queen, and on that event, Justin Trudeau was launched to her.”

Throughout a go to to the Buckingham Palace in Could 1977, Pierre Trudeau was strolling behind the queen en path to dinner when he executed a pirouette, apparently an expression of disdain for the pomp and circumstance of the monarchy.


Pierre Trudeau pirouettes behind Queen Elizabeth II throughout a Could 7, 1977, image session at Buckingham Palace in London, England.


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Justin Trudeau met with Elizabeth after his personal election in November 2015 and so they had a light-weight second of remembering that first assembly as a child.

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“I’ll say, you had been a lot taller than me the final time we met,” Trudeau joked.

“Effectively, that is extraordinary to think about, isn’t it,” the Queen Elizabeth answered with amusing.


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Prime Minister Justin Trudeau meets with Queen Elizabeth


Prime Minister Justin Trudeau meets with Queen Elizabeth – Jul 5, 2017

In 2010, then-prime minister Stephen Harper gave a hockey-themed speech in honour of the queen at Toronto’s Royal York Lodge, saying the queen Canada’s Most worthy participant.

However as Canada’s monarch, Elizabeth, like all different queens earlier than her, didn’t have any political affect, Bose stated.

The queen’s position is to formally appoint the governor-general of Canada, who serves as her consultant. On the provincial degree, she is represented by the lieutenant governors.

Elizabeth appointed 13 completely different governors basic, with the final appointment of Mary Could Simon in July 2021.

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Queen Elizabeth II greets Canada’s Prime Minister Justin Trudeau within the Blue Drawing Room at Buckingham Palace in London as she hosts a dinner throughout the Commonwealth Heads of Authorities Assembly in 2018.


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Charities and foundations

Elizabeth was patron to a number of Canadian charities and foundations, a few of which she inherited from earlier monarchs.

She served because the patron of the Royal Canadian Air Pressure Affiliation, Royal Canadian Naval Affiliation, Navy League, Royal Canadian Air Pressure Benevolent Fund and the Royal Canadian Naval Benevolent Fund.

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Amongst many medical organizations, Elizabeth was the patron of the Canadian Crimson Cross Society, Canadian Most cancers Society, Canadian Medical Affiliation, Royal Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons, Canadian Nurses Affiliation and Save the Kids Canada.


Queen Elizabeth II visits the Six Nations Indian Reserve in Brantford, Ont., throughout her Royal Tour of Canada accompanied by HRH Duke of Edinburgh in September 1984.


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The Royal British Columbia Museum and the Royal Winnipeg Ballet, amongst different arts and cultural organizations, got here underneath her patronage as effectively.

Having a patronage provides legitimacy to a corporation, elevating consciousness and publicity in direction of it, stated Bose.

That allowed Elizabeth to achieve organizations which might be virtually serving to Canadians in lots of walks of life, she stated.


Queen Elizabeth II (C), beside Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, unveils a statue of herself within the backyard of Authorities Home on July 3, 2010 in Winnipeg.


Photograph by John Stillwell – WPA Pool/Getty Photos

Polling means that Elizabeth had a largely optimistic relationship with Canada, missing any formal threats to the monarchy’s position.

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An Ipsos ballot carried out completely for World Information in March 2021 confirmed practically eight in 10 believed the queen has achieved a very good job in her position.

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In that polling, nevertheless, 66 per cent of Canadians stated the royals shouldn’t have any formal position in Canada, with six in 10 saying the connection between the monarchy and Canada ought to finish when Elizabeth dies – highlighting a stark lack of assist for Prince Charles and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall.

Although Elizabeth was broadly admired and in style amongst Canadians, she additionally confronted opposition.


Queen Elizabeth II is given flowers by kids as she visits the Canadian Museum of Nature on June 30, 2010 in Ottawa.


Photograph by Chris Jackson-Pool/Getty Photos

In 1959, CBC journalist Joyce Davidson drew controversy commenting on NBC’s As we speak present, “Like most Canadians, I’m detached to the go to of the queen.”

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This angered then-Toronto mayor Nathan Phillips, who demanded an apology, saying Davidson “doesn’t signify Canadians or the individuals of Toronto.”

Throughout her go to to Quebec in 1964, Queen Elizabeth confronted riots from separatists, angered on the reminder of British colonialism, within the French majority province.

Nonetheless, over the course of her lifetime, there was a “pretty regular approval” of her personally due to her robust work ethic and lack of private scandals, stated Bose.

–with information from World Information’ Amanda Connolly 

© 2022 World Information, a division of Corus Leisure Inc.


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